At the beginning of 2007 jumped from the darkness to begin a malicious code to be a source of important news because of their particular strategies of deception and a major campaign at the global level of infection that still remain a subject of research by the community security.
This is Storm, aka Nuwar or Zhelatin depending on the identity assigned by the antivirus companies, although it's known as "storm", perhaps alluding to the manner in which systems ravaged by which he transformed into zombies, recruiting teams under the command of the botnet.
At present, the threat posed Storm hasn't been to one side, but transferred to its twin brother, Waledac, which remains essentially the characteristic of trying to innovate in terms of apology necessary for the spread and recently has awakened after a period of hibernation.
The spread is through the unwanted e-mail (spam)
Uses deception strategies (Social Engineering) different for each campaign to spread
Through a link embedded in the body of a message routed to a site where malware is downloaded
The infected computers are part of a botnet
To complete the cycle of infection through the spread of spam
They have polymorphic capabilities at the server level
During virtually the entire 2007, Storm (the first appearances as a strategy of deception used to display a video on a storm unleashed in Europe) used as a means of propagation/infection e-mail with questions and topics varied inciting to click on a link embedded in the message body, which in some cases direction of a page (some of them also tried to spread Storm exploit vulnerabilities using iframe tags as resources) and others directed to the download of a binary in Storm both cases.
After several investigations, says that Waledac is, one might say, the twin brother of Storm. Using the same methodologies of Social Engineering with a broad portfolio of images and themes used as an excuse to capture users' attention. Passing through images rather the typical "love" for the month of Valentine Cases of alleged terrorist attacks, among others, to the recent course on a video on YouTube.
Fast-Flux networks and polymorphic capabilities on the server.
The first of these threats were allowed to spread across different IP addresses and using different domain names that constantly rotate between each other with the name resolution. This causes, through a certain time to live (TTL) pre-configured every x amount of jumps between nodes (infected computers) from the same domain, you download a different prototype of malware.
This leads to the second feature, the polymorphism. In this way, each time the package (malware) is established TTL attempt to download a different version of the malicious code to be "changes" every certain amount of time (also predetermined by the attacker) establishing capacity polymorphic.
The diagram below provides the direct relationship, over time, the threat was used as a strategy of deception.
150,000 spam emails per day.
Perhaps, then you know that Storm/Waledac are running campaigns with high rates of spread of infection globally and overcrowded, it's clear that their creators are continuing their criminal operations for a financial issue, which is nothing new for malware today.
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